National Security Agency: conducts basic research in computer, system, data, network and cyber-security and development for national security.

National Institute of Standards and Technology:
Leads in standards development and protocols for cyber-security operations, testing and certification and R&D.

Defense Information Systems Agency : Provides advanced information technology and immediate communications support while delivering IT services and capabilities to the war fighter.

Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity : Nation’s headquarters for advanced intelligence research developing groundbreaking technologies for the intelligence community.